Get to know more about Mente Autism, the company behind it and the therapy we offer.
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Neurotech International Limited, is a medical device and solutions company incorporated in Australia, which operates through its Malta-based subsidiary, AAT Research.
Neurotech develops neuro-stimulation and neuro-diagnostic solutions delivered via the Mente platform, an innovative platform technology to enable medical practitioners to remotely monitor and play an active role in home-based therapies. Our product assists with the management of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
Mente Autism, is a portable, electroencephalographic (EEG) medical device for home use that uses neurofeedback to help relax the minds of children with ASD. Its unique technology creates personalised auditory stimulation which aims to promote a desired brainwave pattern.
Mente Autism is a clinical-quality EEG device that uses patented neurofeedback technology to help children with autism. Designed for home use, Mente Autism helps relax the minds of children on the spectrum which in turns helps them to focus better and engage positively with their environment.
Mente Autism is an easy-to-use, effective neurofeedback system for safe home use by children with autism. It consists of a headband, an application (app) and a cloud component. Its unique technology creates “tailor-made” neurofeedback for the children who use it.
Yes, Mente Autism holds the CE Medical certification. AAT is ISO 13485 certified.
CE Medical Certification: Mente Autism is classified as a Class IIa medical device and is regulated under the European Union Council Medical Device Directive 93/42/EEC. The CE marking for medical devices is awarded to companies that develop and manufacture medical devices with strict adherence to this directive. Mente Autism’s CE mark shows that the product complies with European health, safety and environmental protection legislation. Mente Autism medical devices can be branded with “CE 0426”, 0426 being the number of the notified body Italcert.
ISO 13485 Certified: Mente is ISO 13485 certified. This standard, enforced by the International Organization for Standardization, draws specific requirements and guidelines for a quality management system which manufacturers of medical devices can implement to provide products and services that consistently meet both customer and regulatory requirements.
Mente Autism is recommended for use by children who have a diagnosis of Autism, including Asperger’s Syndrome, and who have no history of hearing impairments. Ideally no co-morbidities should be present such as Rett’s Syndrome, epilepsy or sporadic epileptic episodes, or Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD). If the child is on medication, guardians should seek medical advice before using the product. It is strongly recommended that a QEEG is carried out prior to purchasing the system to determine whether Mente Autism is the correct therapy for the user. Mente Autism might be ineffective if the targeted neural profile is not present.
A single Mente Autism session is preferably done every morning for 40 minutes.
It is advised that the Mente Autism system is used every day with no or minimal interruptions. From clinical evidence and studies, the process of neurofeedback requires multiple sessions before significant changes are seen. A minimum of 4 weeks’ daily use is recommended to evaluate any changes. With time, the brain will learn to adapt to a more optimal brain frequency activity.
In terms of the device, it is important that this is properly taken care of, by avoiding damage to the device, regularly charging it and downloading any available software updates. The lifetime of the product is determined mainly by the battery life. The battery has a maximum number of charging and discharging cycles. It is therefore not advisable to charge Mente Autism after every session as this would reduce its lifetime. With a typical use of 40 minutes per session, a fully charged Mente Autism device should last between 3 and 4 sessions. The lifetime of the product is dependent on battery lifetime, which is 500 charge/discharge cycles. This results in approx. 5 years.
There is no optimal age to use Mente Autism. However, it is recommended that the child is between the age of 3 and 12. Since the most significant period of learning is throughout childhood, it is ideal for children.
Mente Autism uses the same principles as those used in advanced in-clinic neurofeedback sessions that use personalised and tailored auditory stimulation to respond to an individual’s own specific brain waves.
Mente Autism produces tailor-made auditory stimulation signals, based on the fundamentals of neurofeedback. It has been designed to be used at home with minimal supervision by trained therapists. Every session produces a daily report which is uploaded to a secure server.
All the sessions can be done daily at home by the child, and a medical professional can check the results of the sessions via our online platform from any part of the world, if parental/carer permission has been granted.
Neurofeedback training is a form of biofeedback which uses brain activity. induced by a neurological reading – in this case, EEG. During training, electrodes on the scalp measure electrical brain patterns – much like a physician listens to your heart from the surface of your skin. This data is then fed back to the participant in real time, usually through auditory or visual feedback, allowing for monitoring and adjustment of the mental state.
In Mente Autism, brainwave activity is only acquired by the electrodes in the Mente Autism headband. Specialized software then processes the brain’s activity and delivers auditory stimulation that influences brainwave levels. The auditory stimulation is represented by binaural beats which are ‘returned’ to the patient to induce the brain to work in a desirable pattern. Changes are short-lived at first, but then gradually become more enduring, making neurofeedback an effective form of therapy for ASD.
The word binaural means “having or relating to two ears”. The sensation of auditory stimulation occurs when two sounds of nearly similar frequencies are presented one to each ear with stereo headphones or speakers. The brain integrates the two signals, producing a sensation of a third sound called the binaural beat or neurofeedback. Thus, if 210Hz pulses into one ear and 200Hz into the other, the brain will process the two sounds into a 10Hz frequency, namely the difference between the two frequencies.
The binaural beats then cause the brainwaves to begin resonating in tune with the beat. With Mente Autism, auditory stimulation frequencies are produced according to the brainwave reading of the EEG.
By creating auditory stimulation at a particular frequency, the brain is triggered to resonate at that same frequency, automatically inducing brain activity in the respective waveform spectrum. To listen to a sample of the sound, please click here.
Via sensors on the scalp, Mente Autism records patterns of brain activity. The combination of electrical activity of the brain is commonly called a ‘brainwave pattern’ because of its cyclic ‘wave-like’ nature. These brainwaves are generally classified according to their frequency, amplitude and shape. Among the basic waveforms are the alpha, beta, delta and theta rhythms. These basic rhythms are associated with different mental states.
Alpha waves occur at a frequency of 8 to 12 cycles per second in a regular rhythm. In general, they are present when you are awake, relaxed and have your eyes closed. Usually they disappear when you open your eyes or start mentally concentrating.
Beta waves occur at a frequency of 13 to 30 cycles per second. Normally beta rhythms occur in individuals who are alert and attentive to external stimuli or are exerting specific mental effort. Beta waves are also present during tension, agitation and anxiety and paradoxically also occur during deep sleep when the eyes switch back and forth.
Delta waves occur at a frequency of 0.5 to 3.5 cycles per second. They are generally prominent during sleep or when there is unconscious activity. As people move from lighter to deeper stages of sleep, the occurrence of alpha waves diminishes and is gradually replaced by the lower frequency delta waves.
Theta waves occur at a frequency of 4 to 8 cycles per second. This particular frequency range is involved in daydreaming and sleep. They are connection with feeling deep and raw emotions. Too much theta activity may make people prone to bouts of depression, ADHD and inattentiveness. Too little can lead to anxiety, poor emotional awareness and stress.
No. Mente Autism is non-invasive and each session trains the brain to become more focused and concentrated, resulting in calmer communication and interaction levels observed in the users. The sessions will not get in the way of other therapies the child might be undergoing; and could actually be beneficial.
The appearance of the beneficial effects of Mente Autism is unique to each user. Every individual experiences a personalized and different effect; however, as a baseline, an adaptation process of four to eight weeks of usage is needed prior to seeing a beneficial effect. This adaptation process could take less or longer depending on various aspects, including severity of the medical condition, age and plasticity of the brain.
Ideally, the child should move as little as possible.
While the child can engage in normal activities, it is recommended that the child does not eat during the 40-minute session. Activities that require hearing will, however, interrupt the child’s responsiveness to the session and should therefore be avoided.
In our experience, we have not come across patients who suffered from unforeseen side effects as long as the therapy is used according to instructions in the User Manual. Nonetheless, the product should not be used more than once a day, as this may give the user a headache.
The child should not be able to hear other auditory sources during the session as the Mente’s auditory stimulation is a central part of the treatment. The earphones provided should be used.
If stopped for a day, the effects are minimal. However, if the therapy sessions are stopped for longer periods the child will not benefit from the treatment.
From parent testimonials and our research, the following improvements were noticed generally within first 4 to 8 weeks; naturally, these changes and their extent varies from child to child:
-Longer concentration spans and more attention
-Increased calmness and reduction in tantrums
-Increased shows of affection
-Increased verbal skills
-Improved sleeping patterns
All data is stored in our secure Mente Autism cloud system after the user has given their approval. Patients have full access to that data and the reports that are generated daily. All patient data is stored separately from the customer’s personal data.
While Mente Autism is not a cure for autism, it has been shown to manage the symptoms of autism. Like other neurofeedback approaches it is complementary to other therapies.
Five top-of-the-line sensors are used to ensure optimum quality EEG acquisition. The sensors use the latest lower impedance electrodes and generate far less noise. The sensors have passed the ISO 10993-1 biocompatibility test.
• Dry surface to user’s skin
• Consists of a conductive membrane behind which is electrode gel typically used in clinical EEG systems
• Cushioned sensor surface conforms to irregular body surfaces better than metal discs
• Low-noise conduction between body and sensor
• Stable Ag/AgCl Interface
• Impedance 10 – 100 K on unprepared skin
• Novel shape optimized for hair penetration and scalp contact
• Special silver coating imparts optimal conductivity to the sensor’s surface for the best possible signal transduction
• Flexible material safely flattens under pressure – no hard metal pins
• Flexible legs slide under hair strands for scalp contact
• Impedance 100 – 2000 K on unprepared skin
Electroencephalography (EEG) is a proven technique to record brain activities in natural settings. A problem often encountered is that EEG signals may be contaminated by ocular artefacts such as eye blink activities. To achieve satisfactory cleaning of the raw EEG signal from eye-blink artefacts, Mente Autism uses a series of algorithms that are applied in real-time, are window-based and conform with already-established methods of sampling and filtering.
Throughout the session, the Mente Autism device constantly checks that each sensor is correctly positioned with optimal connection with the head. On the app, the parent or carer can view the status of each sensor. A warning is issued via the app if there is an issue and the session is paused until the sensors’ position is fixed. If Mente Autism is not connected to a tablet or phone and a sensor is out of place, the session will stop and the LED light on the headband will turn orange. If this happens, parents / carers can reconnect to the app to check that all sensors are properly positioned. Parents /carers also have control over the volume of the device (sound check), battery monitoring and LED notifications which are fully explained in the User Manual.
Medical professionals who are authorised by the user’s parents or guardians have remote access to a dashboard from where they can observe the users’ daily performance and overall progress. Medical professionals can download high-definition EEG results.
Info-graphical statistics about Alpha, Beta, Delta and Theta brainwave levels are presented in a report generated after each therapy session. Medical professionals can also download raw EEG data.
No. The patient must use the earphones provided in the product box.